Working in the Netherlands
We already covered that citizens with the nationality of an EU/EEA member state or Switzerland do not need a working visa. Employees with other nationalities mostly need a visa to work in the Netherlands, whether in paid employment, setting up a start-up, starting a freelance business or doing an internship in the Netherlands to gain working experience. First of all, you need to have a look at the duration of your stay. The first boundary would be 90 days:
- A short-stay visa might be sufficient if you stay less than 90 days, depending on your nationality.
- If you stay longer than 90 days and you are no citizen of one of the regions stated above, you must apply for a residence permit to be able to work in the Netherlands.
The most common residence permits for people who come to work in the Netherlands are:
In both cases, your employer must apply for your residence permit at the IND. You thus already need a job before moving to the Netherlands.
However, there are multiple options, e.g. if you are coming to the Netherlands as a researcher or want to start your own business or start-up. Which residence permit you need depends on your job and the reasons for coming to the Netherlands. Therefore check the Residence Permits section on ind.nl. There you’ll find different types of residence permits for your situation.
Good to know: After you have stayed and worked in the Netherlands for more than 5 years, you are able to apply for a permanent residence permit in the Netherlands.